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Chhattisgarh is a newly bifurcated state, which till November 1, 2000 was part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is still in its developing stage. The infrastructure for education and other facilities are still minimum as compared to the large population it holds.   
Presently there are 16 districts in Chhattisgarh namely Koreya, Surguja, Bilaspur, Korba, Janjgir-Champa, Jashpur, Raigarh, Kawardha, Rajnandgaon, Durg, Raipur, Mahasamund, Dhamtari, Kanker, Bastar and Dantewada. With a total geographical area of 135,191 sq. km. Chhattisgarh contributes 4.11% in the country’s total geographical area. The population as per the census 2001, is 20,795,956 including males (10,452,426) and females (10,343,530). The decadal growth of population in between 1991-2001 is 18.06%. On the basis of its population Chhattisgarh is the 7th largest state in the country and can be compared with the states of Punjab, Haryana, Jharkhand and Assam. These four states have also got the population between 2 and three crores. The sex ratio of the state is 987 female per thousand male. The literacy rate of the state is 44.2% in total wherein male literacy is counted 58.13% and the female literacy is counted 27.49%. (India, Census 1991).
The district Surguja was established in 1948. It has an area of 22,340 sq.kms. It is the second largest district in the state. The Tribals numerically dominate in the Surguja district. The district headquarters of Surguja is in Ambikapur. It is connected with the highways from Raipur, Shahdol, Varanasi and Allahabad. The district has been surrounded by Sidhi district of Madhya Pradesh and Bilaspur and Raigarh of Chhattisgarh and the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Seventy eight percent of the district lies in the Ganga (River Ganges) basin and twenty two percent in Mahanadi basin. The major tributaries are Kanhar, Rewar, Banas Gopad, and Bizal of the Ganga basin. The average rainfall is 1270mm whereas, the maximum rainfall is 1847 mm, and minimum rainfall is 112 mm in the district. The crop pattern shown in the district is paddy, covering almost 50% of the area. Other crops are maize, kodo-kutki, pulses etc. The oil seeds viz. Ramtila (Surgunja), ground –nut and mustard are also sown in the area.
 The main occupation of the people of this district is agriculture. The district is largely undulating land over 600 meters above sea level. Some hills in the district rise over 1200 meters. The north-western area of the district is covered with very thick forest. The total forest area is 12091.14 sq.kms in the district.


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